Importance of Food Product Testing

Importance of Food Product Testing

What would happen if we didn’t have regulated food testing in place?

Though it may be the last process of the food manufacturing chain, food product testing is the most important step, because it determines the safety of the food for use.

Food product testing is vitally necessary, to ensure that the food is free of physical, chemical and biological hazards. Examples of potential hazardous food contaminants include metals, e-coli bacteria, salmonella, cleaning agents, additives, preservatives, pesticides, and more.

What is food testing?

Food product testing is the scientific analysis of food and its contents. It is done to provide information about various characteristics of food, including the structure, composition, and physicochemical properties. Food product testing is also performed for other reasons:

  • To test the quality of a product. This is done to verify claims made by the manufacturer of the product on certain issues; for instance, the ingredients used.
  • For quality control. This is done before, during, and after the manufacturing process to analyze the quality of the food ingredients, and the finished product.
  • Food inspection and grading are performed regularly to ensure food manufacturers meet the set laws and standards.
  • Foods must have a standardized nutritional label; therefore food needs to be analyzed to verify the claims made.
  • Research and development is necessary for manufacturers to improve and provide food high quality, healthy, and affordable food; this requires studying and analyzing the products already in the market.
  • To protect a manufacturer from rumours and smears.You have probably seen many products in the market being labeled unhealthy by competitors or other rumour mongers; with food testing, such rumours can be sorted out.

food testing laboratory

How do you test food?

Food product testing can be done using several methods, all of which are highly advanced, to provide accurate information about the nutritional value and safety of the food. The most common methods of food product testing are:

  • Analytical Chemistry Testing: Involves chemically separating and analyzing for the different components of the food product, including PH, additives, preservatives, colours, contaminants, and so on.
  • Sensory Testing: This is the most basic method of testing, which involves using the human senses: sight, taste, touch, sound, and smell.
  • Nutrition Analysis: Involves finding out the nutrition composition of food; the information gathered is used on the product’s label.
  • Microbiology Testing: Involves analyzing for microorganisms that contaminate food. It is usually done on the raw materials, ingredients, and the final product.

How is food nutrient content determined?

Nutrition analysis is the process through which food nutrient content is determined, and is part of food product testing. This process analyzes the molecular structure of the food, identifying the components present and at what level of concentration.

This is what is used to generate the nutritional facts label that is mandatory on some products.

The nutritional facts label indicates things such as calories, carbohydrates, vitamins (like Vitamin A, E and C), proteins, sugar, and fibre, among others. This information is supposed to help consumers choose healthy foods, and avoid foods with ingredients they do not want to consume.

Food product testing to determine nutrient content is done using laboratory analysis, software, turnkey nutrition analysis, and online nutrition analysis. Lab analysis is the most preferred method.

How to Negotiate Minimum Order Requirements

Don’t Have a Budget for a Minimum Order? How You Deal With Who You Deal With May Make All the Difference in the World

If you have ever tried to order items directly from a factory then you know of the minimum order requirements. But do you know how to negotiate minimum order requirements? Whether you are ordering your items from a local factory or online, you will find minimum order requirements.

The manufacturers usually set a high minimum order quantity (MOQ) because they are looking to make more sales. It is also a way of keeping expenses down because they can produce in bulk.

For small businesses new to the market, the huge MOQs can be intimidating. You can, however, learn how to negotiate minimum order requirements before you make a purchase, to ensure you get what you want.

What is minimum order quantity?

The minimum order quantity (MOQ) is the least number of units of an item that a manufacturer is willing to deliver in one order. The value is set depending on the products that you are buying, and the cost.

However, in most cases, the manufacturers will set a high MOQ, as a tactic to sell more in one order; all the more reason you need to learn how to negotiate minimum order requirements.

If you have experienced this on a product you were interested in, then read on to educate yourself on how to negotiate minimum order requirements. Here are some tactics you can use:

  • Pose as a first-time buyer.Tell the manufacturer that you are purchasing for the first time, and you would like to test out their product with a smaller order.
  • Combine different types of items in one order.Order a variety of products from one manufacturer, but with the MOQ of just one order. This is a great business move, because it also allows you to spread your risk on different products.
  • Order with another person. Buy together with someone who is buying a similar item from the same manufacturer.
  • Ask for products that are ready to ship.The manufacturer could have some items ready at the warehouse; such items should not require minimum order quantities, because they do not have to be manufactured for your order.

Photo by rawpixel.com from Pexels

If you are not successful with any of the above, or you just want to avoid the hassles of having to know how to negotiate minimum order quantities, then you can order from smaller manufacturers.

What is minimum order value?

The minimum order value is the least amount charged for your product/service in order to make a profit. This is used to determine the MOQ.

How do you find the minimum order quantity?

To determine the MOQ,the manufacturer first determines how much they would want to make for every order; they then consider the expenses for the order.

What does FOB mean?

FOB means free-on-board, where the seller loads the goods on the ship that has been hired by the buyer; the seller clears the goods for export.