Articles on health and science matters that affect our daily lives

Developing a Custom Food Formula? Read This First

Developing a Custom Food Formula? Read This First

Are You Aware of What it Takes to Develop Safe Custom Food Products?

What is the Safe Food for Canadians Act?

It’s a piece of law that was enacted in 2012 to protect Canadian consumers. The Act provides regulations for custom food formulas and other edible products.

The goal of the Act is to:

  • Make edibles that are sold in Canada as safe as possible
  • Protect consumers by cracking down on food management practices deemed unsafe
  • Enables companies endangering the public to face harsher punishments
  • Makes it possible to control imports better
  • Enhances how easily we can trace our food
  • Standardizes the inspection standards for foods

Read more about the Act on the government’s site.

Does Canada have an FDA?

Canada has three core regulatory bodies that perform the same function as the FDA does in the United States.

The Department of Health Canada is responsible for setting the stands and regulations for custom food formulas and other edible products. The Canadian Food Inspection Agency is responsible for enforcing the rules that the Department of Health implements.

The Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada agency is responsible for new products entering the market.

Who is responsible for food safety in Canada?

Ultimately, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency is the enforcement arm of the Department of Health. As a business, you’d have to deal with inspections from the CFIA.

Read more about the importance of these regulations and inspections here.

How is food regulated in Canada?

If you’re researching the regulations for custom food formulas, you’ll need to deal with the three agencies.

Health Canada sets the standards that companies must meet. These include food safety standards and the nutritional quality of foods. The Food Directorate operates under the umbrella of Health Canada.

The directorate is responsible for investigating the benefits and risks associated with the different food products. It follows strict scientific guidelines in reviewing the benefits and risks. Using this research, it helps Health Canada to set the standards.

The CFIA will be responsible for enforcing the regulations. They’ll be the ones knocking on your door to conduct food safety inspections. They also regulate the advertising, labelling, and packaging of food products.

Let’s say that you’re manufacturing a food supplement, for example. This agency will come knocking on your door if you make bogus claims or use unsafe packaging.

To get your supplement approved, you’ll need to apply to Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. They’re quite a helpful agency, so it’s a good idea to work with them from the development stage. They’ll help you ensure that your product meets regulatory standards.

Final Notes

All these agencies work together to ensure that the food provided to Canadians is safe. Their work entails regulating the production process and everything that impacts the food. The packaging must be secure and must adequately protect the food.

Companies may not make unproven claims about their products. If they say that the product contains a certain amount of magnesium, for example, independent testing must back that up. Companies that flout the regulations face stiff penalties.

The regulations may seem excessive, but they protect the company as well. By ensuring that the food produced is safe, the company safeguards itself from potential civil action.

Is Zinc Important For Health?

Is Zinc Important for Health?

Did you think Zinc was just for plating and corrosion protection?

It might not be as big as Vitamin C or Antioxidants, but zinc is still a necessary element for overall health. A lack of it can cause a lot of complications, from a weakened immune system to reduced sex drive. Let’s look at what zinc does for your body, and how to make sure you get enough of it.

How Does Zinc Help Your Body?

Zinc is classified as a trace element. This means that the body only needs a tiny amount for it to have a significant effect. So, what are the benefits of taking zinc?

  1. Healthy immune system

One of zinc’s most crucial roles is in making sure your body’s immune system works properly. It helps in the production of T lymphocytes or T cells. These are white blood cells that attack infection and help regulate the body’s immune response.

It’s also been shown to reduce inflammation from the body’s immune response, as well as lower the risk of inflammatory diseases.

  1. Makes you recover faster

Zinc helps the body heal and repair itself. It promotes healthy skin structure and makes wounds heal more quickly. It also helps prevent common conditions such as colds and diarrhea.

  1. Promotes brain health, learning, and memory

According to research, zinc plays an role in optimal brain functioning. In particular, zinc helps regulate neuron activity in our brain. This improves how our brain communicates with the rest of our body, facilitating learning and memory. Normal neural activity also helps reduce epileptic seizures.

  1. Leads to optimal reproductive health

Zinc is crucial for the healthy functioning of our reproductive system. It’s used to treat low sperm count and erectile dysfunction (ED) in men. Women also benefit from zinc in that it helps maintain healthy ovaries.

How do you know if you are deficient in zinc?

While only a little zinc is needed to maintain your health, deficiency can still occur. This is commonly due to an imbalanced diet but can also be the result of diseases such as diabetes. Signs that you have a zinc deficiency include:

  • Stunted growth
  • Diarrhea
  • Anemia
  • Reduced sex drive
  • Inability to taste food

What Food is High in Zinc?

The problem with zinc is that the body can’t store much of it. Thus, you must make sure your daily diet contains enough of it. Fortunately, it isn’t hard to find. There are plenty of high-zinc foods you can choose from, such as:

  • Oysters (one of the highest in zinc)
  • Meat
  • Poultry
  • Fish
  • Seafood

You can also opt to get zinc through supplements. This is a convenient and accessible way to get your daily dose. It’s especially crucial for vegans or vegetarians since zinc is most commonly found in meat.

The recommended daily intake of zinc varies and increases with age. Generally, adult males need about 11 milligrams of zinc, while females need just around 7 milligrams. The exception is with pregnant and lactating women, where the zinc requirement jumps up to 13 milligrams.